The city of Wageningen
Wageningen is located along the river Rhine at the foot of the Veluwe massif (a collection of ice-pushed hills and ridges and one of the largest natural areas in the Netherlands) and at the edge of the Gelderse Vallei (Gelderse Valley). The city was founded in the 11th century and obtained city rights on 12 June 1263 from Count Otto II of Gelre. Now it has a population of 37,600, of which a large part are students.
In 1876 the State Agricultural College was founded in Wageningen. The large diversity of landscapes and soils in the immediate vicinity of Wageningen was one of the reasons for its choice. At the east side of the city (Veluwe) Podzols, Arenosols and Anthrosols can be found; to the west Gleysols and Histosols (Gelderse Vallei) and to the south Gleysols and Cambisols (plains of the river Rhine). In 1918 the college became the Wageningen Agricultural University. In 1998 Wageningen University & Research (WUR) was formed. Since 2004, WUR is developing the Wageningen Campus on the north side of Wageningen.
Wageningen University & Research is one of the leading institutes in the world in the domain of life sciences. WUR is composed of Wageningen University and nine specialised research centres of the former 'Agricultural Research Service' of the Ministry of Agriculture. In addition, many research organisations and businesses sprouted from WUR or were attracted to Wageningen for its pool of knowledge, such as ISRIC and SoilCares.